Stoney Creek Veterinary Hospital

701 Kedron Avenue, Route 420
Morton, PA 19070

(610)328-3600

stoneycreekveterinary.com

A great link to check out for information on pets anal glands and why they may have issues.  -   http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=yA9SeHAEyQ4

  

Parasites and Cats

All of our cats, regardless of whether they spend all of their times indoors or are mostly outdoors, are at risk for parasites. We recommend that all cats be protected against fleas, intestinal parasites, and heartworm every month all year round.

          

 

 

Fleas  are a big problem in our area and seem to be getting worse every year. Fleas hang out in cool shady areas before jumping onto cats or jump on from other pets or wildlife. They can also come in through the window screens or be tracked in by us. Fleas can survive the winter inside the house and can stay dormant in the immature stages for months before becoming adults. This is why year round protection is essential. Fleas are not just a nuisance; they can harbor things such as tapeworms and Bartonella (the bacteria that causes Cat Scratch Fever) and pass these on to our cats. Year round monthly protection is the safest way to protect not just them but also you, since these illnesses can then be transmitted to us as well. Some cats can also be allergic to fleas, causing them to become covered in scabs or get so itchy they pull their hair out.

Feline Heartworm Disease  is an increasing concern in our area. After Hurricane Katrina many heartworm positive dogs were brought to this area to be rescued and the incidence of the disease has increased. Cats become exposed to heartworm when they are bit by an infected mosquito. Pesky mosquitoes are capable of getting in the house which puts indoor cats at equal risk. This disease can be debilitating and cats can develop symptoms like coughing, lethargy and vomiting. It can also cause sudden death, as the large worms live in the main artery from the heart to the lungs and can cause potentially fatal complications. There is no treatment for heartworm disease in cats so preventing the disease is essential.

Ticks and Intestinal parasites  such as roundworms, hookworms and some tapeworms can be transmitted to people, and children are especially at risk. Cats can be exposed to these worms as kittens or adults, by hunting rodents (outside or inside), being exposed to contaminated soil (we can track dirt inside) and by ingesting fleas.  While cats cannot contract Lyme disease, outdoor cats can carry ticks into your home which can transmit bacterial illnesses such as Lyme disease to human family members. These are just a few of the reasons why using monthly preventatives are so important to the whole family. It is much easier, safer, and more affordable to prevent these diseases with monthly year round use of parasite preventative. Additionally, screening for intestinal parasites by checking a stool sample is recommended at least annually.

Let us help!   We have provided the chart on the next page to allow you to choose the best parasite protection plan for your pet. We strongly recommend the following products because we trust the companies that make them. These companies offer guarantees that their products will work and will take steps to reimburse you or find an alternative solution if for some reason they are not 100 % effective. There are many over-the-counter brands on the market right now which can be appealing due to their price, but we have observed time and again that these products either simply do not work and/or have more adverse reactions. The companies that make our recommended products have done extensive research on their efficacy and safety. The over-the-counter brands may be marketed as the “same” (i.e. contain the same active ingredient) but can be different in other ways and therefore less effective (i.e. the inactive ingredient/vehicle that distributes the active ingredient over the skin does not work very well). If you have any specific questions please do not hesitate to ask your doctor or technician. We are here to protect your pet!

Product

Ingredients, formulation, duration

Age

Heartworm prevention?

Flea prevention?

Tick prevention?

Intestinal parasite control?

Additional protection?

Frontline

Plus

Fipronil, s-methoprene    liquid applied to skin once/month

8wks+

No

Yes - adults and immature stages

Yes

No

 

Heartgard

Ivermectin              oral chewable once/month

6wks+

Yes

No

No

Yes-hookworms

 

Revolution

Selamectin                       liquid applied to skin once/month

8wks+

Yes

Yes - adults and immature stages

No

Yes-hookworms, roundworms

Ear mites

Advantage Multi

Imidacloprid,  moxidectin  

liquid applied to skin once/month

9wks+

Yes

Yes-adults only

No

Yes-hookworms, roundworms

Ears mites

     

 

Parasites and Dogs

All of our dogs, regardless if they spend the whole day outside or barely touch the grass, are at risk of contracting external and internal parasites. We recommend that all dogs be protected against fleas, ticks and heartworm every month, all year round.

   

 

Fleas and Ticks  can get on your dog when they are simply walking through the grass or bushes in your back yard (they do not have to be near woods or deer to get ticks) Ticks do not “jump” onto dogs, they either fall onto them when they brush against vegetation or they climb from the ground. Fleas love to hang out in cool shady areas before jumping onto dogs, or jump on from other pets or wildlife. We recommend year round protection because fleas can survive the winter inside the house. A flea can be dormant in its immature stage for months before becoming an adult so year round protection is essential.  In our area, ticks are active on any winter day where the temperature gets above 40°F.  We take these steps to protect them because dogs can contract many different bacterial illnesses (not just Lyme) from ticks which can make them very ill and can even be fatal. They can contract diseases such as tapeworms from fleas. Year round monthly protection is the safest way to protect not just them but also your human family members, as fleas and ticks on our dogs can lead to bacterial illnesses such as Cat Scratch Fever and Lyme Disease in people. In addition to monthly preventative, we recommend testing for the tick borne illnesses once a year. This simple in house test requires just four drops of blood and also checks for Canine Heartworm Disease.

Canine Heartworm Disease is an increasing concern in our area. After Hurricane Katrina many heartworm positive dogs were brought to this area to be rescued and the incidence of the disease in northern parts of the country has increased as a result. Dogs become infected with heartworm when a mosquito feeds on a dog that has heartworms, then feeds on and thereby transmits the worm to another dog. This disease can be debilitating and potentially fatal as the large worms live in the main artery from the heart to the lungs. For a heartworm positive dog, the only available treatment can potentially be life-threatening. This singular treatment has at times been in short supply or off-the-market completely leaving no cure for this disease.   

 It is much easier and safer (and more affordable) to prevent these diseases with the regular use of parasite preventive medications.

Additionally, screening for intestinal parasites by checking a stool sample is recommended at least annually, and the use of monthly preventives to protect against these parasites is recommended. Intestinal parasites such as roundworms, hookworms and some tapeworms can be transmitted to people, and children are especially at risk.

Let us help!   We have provided the chart on the next page to allow you to choose the best parasite protection plan for your dog. We strongly recommend the following products because we trust the companies that make them. These companies offer guarantees that their products will work and will take steps to reimburse you or find an alternative solution if for some reason they are not 100% effective. There are many over-the-counter brands on the market right now which can be appealing due to their price, but we have observed time and again that these products either simply do not work and/or have more adverse reactions. The companies that make our recommended products have done extensive research on their efficacy and safety. The over-the-counter brands may be marketed as the “same” (i.e. contain the same active ingredient) but can be different in other ways and therefore less effective (i.e. the inactive ingredient/vehicle that distributes the active ingredient over the skin does not work very well). If you have any specific questions please do not hesitate to ask your doctor or technician. We are here to protect your pet!

Product

Ingredients, formulation, duration

Age

Heartworm prevention?

Flea prevention?

Tick prevention?

Intestinal parasite control?

Additional protection?

Frontline

Fipronil, s-methoprene    liquid applied to skin once/month

8wks+

No

Yes - adults and immature stages

Yes

No

Chewing lice, mange (sarcoptes) mite

Heartgard Plus

Ivermectin, pyrantel              oral chewable once/month

6wks+

Yes

No

No

Yes

 

Trifexis

Spinosad, milbemycin                   oral chewable once/month

8wks+ (>5lbs)

Yes

Yes - adults only

No

Yes - hookworm, roundworm and whipworm

 

Revolution

Selamectin                       liquid applied to skin once/month

6wks+

Yes

Yes - adults and immature stages

Yes –labeled for dog tick, but cross-protection

No

Ear mites, mange (sarcoptes) mite

Certifect

Frontline Plus + amitraz              liquid applied to skin once/month

8wks+ (>5lbs)

No

Yes - adults and immature stages

Yes

No

Chewing lice, mange (sarcoptes) mite

Advantix II

Imidacloprid,  permethrin, pyriproxyfen   liquid applied to skin once/month

7wks+

No

Yes - adults and immature stages

Yes

No

Biting flies, mosquitoes, chewing lice

Proheart

Moxidectin                                   6 month injection

6mos+

Yes

No

No

Yes - hookworm only

 

Scalibor

Deltamethrin                          6 month collar (waterproof)

12wks+

No

Yes - adults only

Yes

No

 

Preventic

Amitraz

3 month collar

(not waterproof)

12wks+

No

No

Yes

No